Improving the safety of vaccine delivery

March 23, 2016

Source:  Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics [Epub ahead of print]

Follow this link for abstract

Date of publication: February 2016

Publication type:  Journal article

In a nutshell:  Vaccines save millions of lives per annum and are an integral part of community primary care provision worldwide. The World Health Organization has highlighted that the adverse events due to the vaccine delivery process outnumber those arising from the pharmacological properties of the vaccines themselves. Whilst it is known that as many as one in three patients receiving a vaccine will encounter some form of error, little is known about their underlying causes and how to mitigate them in practice. Patient safety incident reporting systems and drug adverse event surveillance systems are proving useful informants for understanding the underlying causes of those errors. The challenge now lies in the identification and implementation of changes to improve vaccine safety at multiple levels: from patient level interventions through to organisational efforts at local, national and international levels. The authors consider the potential benefits for maximising learning from patient safety incident reports to improve the quality and safety of care delivery.

Length of publication:  Unspecified

Some important notes:  Please contact your local NHS Library for the full text of the article. Follow this link to find your local NHS Library

Changing the default to promote influenza vaccination among health care workers

February 24, 2016

Source:  Vaccine [Epub ahead of print]

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Date of publication:  February 2016

Publication type:  Journal article

In a nutshell:  Influenza vaccination uptake among health care workers (HCWs) is the most effective method to prevent transmission to patients, but vaccination coverage rates are low among HCWs. Several educational campaigns have been developed to increase the influenza vaccination coverage rates of HCWs, but showed only small effects. The aim of this study was to test an opt-out strategy in promoting uptake among HCWs in a tertiary care center for patients with complex chronic organ failure.

HCWs in the opt-out condition were more likely to have an appointment for influenza vaccination, which in turn increased the probability of getting vaccinated.  Therefore, the authors concluded that changing the default to promote influenza vaccination among HCWs might be an easy and cost-effective alternative to complex vaccination campaigns.

Length of publication:  1 webpage